WHY THESE 10 Women Laws Everyone should know for Women Empowerment in India?
- Crime against women happens every moment in India. Women aren’t safe, no matter whether it’s in their homes, open spots, or at their workplace. Given the number of crimes that are committed against women, it’s now become vital that ladies are conscious of the laws that are made to guard them.
- 65% of Indian men believe that ladies are need to be inferior and tolerate violence to stay the family together, and ladies a number of the time need to be beaten. In January 2011, the International Men and Gender Equality Survey Questionnaire announced that 24% of Indian men had committed sexual violence eventually during their lives.
- In Indian culture, women possess an important position and admirable place. The Vedas celebrated women as the mother, the maker, and one who gives life and loved her as Devi or Goddess. Women in India, today, are turning into the foremost powerless and vulnerable section to the extent their wellbeing and security is concerned. Brutality against women can fit into a couple of general classifications. A number of them are assault, aggressive behavior at home, inappropriate behavior, female foeticide, and so on.
- Our nation must have the most important number of laws, apparently for the advantage of women. The Constitution and therefore the various Acts made by the Union Governments and the states give special protection to ladies. But despite these efforts and laws, the condition of girls in India is improving at a slow rate.
LAWS FOR THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN:
1. DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT, 1961:
- Dowry Prohibition Act was enacted on May 1, 1961, to stop giving and taking of Dowry. Under the Dowry Prohibition Act, dowry incorporates property, goods, or cash given by either party to the wedding, by the guardians of either party or by the other person regarding the wedding. The Dowry Prohibition Act applies to people of all religions in India.
- The Indian Penal Code was likewise amended in 1983 to line up specific crimes of dowry-related cruelty, abetment of suicide, and dowry death. These enactments punish the violence against women which is completed by either their husbands or their relatives when proof of dowry demand is shown.
- It’s one of the important challenges that our people are grappling with. Women straightforwardly complaining about it have gotten the message out and urge other women to face the firm.
2. INDIAN DIVORCE ACT, 1969:
- The Indian Divorce Act was drafted into the Indian legal network within the year 1869. In India, divorce rules and procedures differ as consistent with the community of couple.
- As expressed above divorce among:
- Christians are represented by the Indian Divorce Act, 1869.
- Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Jains by the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955.
- Muslims by the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939.
- Parsis by the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936.
- Inter-community marriage by the Special Marriage Act, 1956.
- The Indian Divorce Act has been enacted for the dissolution of marriage, nullity of marriage, mutual consent, legal separation and restitution of legal right.
3. MATERNITY BENEFIT ACT, 1961:
- The object of maternity benefit is to secure the dignity of motherhood by accommodating the complete and solid support to women and her kid when she isn’t working.
- This act regulates the work of girls and maternity benefits commanded by law. It expresses that a woman representative who has worked in an association for a time of a minimum of 80 days during a year proceeding the date of her expected delivery is qualified for getting maternity benefits, which includes maternity leave, nursing breaks, restorative remittance, and so on.
4. PROHIBITION OF CHILD MARRIAGE ACT, 2006:
- The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006 came into existence on 1 November 2007 in India. In October 2017, the Supreme Court of India gave a milestone judgment condemning sex with a child bride, thus removing an exception in India’s criminal law, which had up to a point concurred lawful assurance to men who assaulted their minor wives.
- According to an International research facility for ladies, around 47 percent of young girls are married before the age of 18. At the present, India ranks 13 within the world regarding child marriage. Since child marriage has been soaked into the Indian culture and customs for many years, it’s been tough removing it.
5. SPECIAL MARRIAGE ACT, 1954:
The primary aim of this act is to offer a special marriage in specific cases, to supply for divorce, and registration of marriage in certain cases. In a nation like India and with the various religions and cast, when individuals from various beliefs and caste chose to get married, they do it under the Special Marriage Act.
6. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1990:
- The National Commission for Women (NCW) is a statutory body under the government of India, built up in January 1992. Lalitha Kumaramangalam was appointed as its Chairperson in 2014.
- The NCW speaks to the privileges of females in India and provides a voice to their issues and concerns. The National Commission for Women Act means to enhance the status of women and work for her economic empowerment.
7. EQUAL REMUNERATION FOR WOMEN ACT, 1976:
- The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 aims to supply for the payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers and for the prevention of discrimination, on the ground of sex, against women in the matter of employment.
- Consistent with the Act, the term ‘remuneration’ means “the basic wage or salary and any additional emoluments payable, either in cash or in a similar way, to an individual employed in respect of employment or work wiped out such employment, if the terms of the contract of employment, express or implied, were fulfilled”.
- Nothing in this Act shall apply:
(i) to cases affecting the terms and conditions of a woman’s employment in complying with the wants of any law giving special treatment to women; or
(ii) to any special treatment accorded to women in reference to the birth or expected birth of a toddler, or the terms and conditions concerning retirement, marriage or death or to any provision made regarding the retirement, marriage or death.
8. THE INDECENT REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN (PROHIBITION) ACT, 1986:
This Act restricts indecent portrayal of females through ad or in distributions, compositions, artistic creations, figures or in another way.
9. SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION, AND REDRESSAL) ACT, 2013:
- The harassment of females at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 is an administrative demonstration in India that seeks to guard women from inappropriate behavior at their work environment.
- It was passed by the Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Indian Parliament) on 3 September 2012. It was passed by the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of the Indian Parliament) on 26 February 2013. The Bill got the consent of the President on 23 April 2013. The Act came into power from 9 December 2013.
- Sexual harassment at workplace also includes–the usage of language with sexual overtones, invasion of personal space with a male colleague hovering too close for comfort, subtle touches and innuendoes.
10. MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY ACT, 1971:
An Act to provide for the termination of certain pregnancies by registered Medical Practitioners and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. It plainly expresses the conditions under which pregnancy is often ended or aborted and shows the persons qualified to conduct the same.
- Indian women have had a troublesome time developing under the oppression of male-dominated society, class, and religion. But now it’s a perfect opportunity to finish quietness.
- Women are qualified for gaining respect. Even though the females are equally capable as of men in all spheres of life still the rate against women is increasing day by day.
- The government has enacted many acts, laws, and plans for the advantage of women which must be known to them as well as to the society at large.
- Women must know that these laws are made for their benefit, using these laws unfairly can hamper the process of evasion of patriarchal society.
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